Building electricians in Camberwell build, install, and wire the electrical systems in new houses and buildings. Light, heat, electricity, air conditioning, and pipes operate through electric systems. Electricians usually set up the wiring after the construction is partially built. They also install electronics and sign communication systems.
When electricians wire new buildings or homes, they run conduit, which can be metal pipe or tube, inside walls and ceilings. They have to cut the conduit into the appropriate length. When the conduit is in place, electricians pull the wires through the tubing. To complete the circuit, they attach these wires to switches and sockets. They then solder or twist wires to the fuse box, circuit breakers, or transformers. For security reasons, electricians should follow county, state, and municipal codes in wiring.
Electricians use hand tools such as screwdrivers, pliers, knives, and hacksaws.
Some electricians understand the trade by working as helpers to qualified electricians. Others enter a formal apprenticeship program, which takes a high school degree. Among the best ways to get formal training is through the four-year apprenticeship program developed by the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers and the National Electrical Contractors Association. The committee overseeing apprenticeships determines how many apprentice electricians are required in any particular area. Additionally, it determines apprenticeship standards and programs a diverse work program that provides trainees the chance to work with unique contractors.
Along with four decades of on-the-job training, apprentices receive at least 144 hours of classroom instruction annually. In the classroom, apprentices learn applied mathematics, wiring design, electrical theory, electronics, and blueprint reading. Many experienced electricians also take classroom education to stay informed about new developments in this area.
In most areas, electricians require a master electrician’s license. The licenses are given after applicants pass a test on their knowledge of the transaction, the National Electric Code, and the state, local, and municipal building and electric codes.
Getting the Job
The best way to get into this area is through the joint union-management apprenticeship program. Additionally it is possible to apply directly to electric contractors for work as a helper.
Experienced electricians often progress to become superintendents or managers of construction jobs. Some electricians become estimators, who compute the amount of time a job will take, in addition to the labour and materials costs, and submit bids for jobs. Building electricians may transfer to related jobs, such as maintenance electricians in factories or electricians for aircraft or shipbuilding companies. They are also able to start their own contracting businesses.
However, the prognosis for highly skilled electricians is extremely good through 2014. The complex wiring in computers and electronics will provide more jobs for electricians in the long run. More electricians are also needed to set up and repair communication devices used in trade and industry. Needless to say, opportunities in the building industry are based on the strength of the market.
Electricians normally work forty hours weekly, with additional wages for overtime work. Generally they work inside, but they might be exposed to the elements while working in partially constructed structures. They frequently stand for several hours at a time on ladders and scaffolding, or kneel in tight quarters. The danger of electric shock is always current, though it’s been lessened by strict security procedures.